Lampropeltis rhombomaculata

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Scientific name Lampropeltis rhombomaculata
English name Brown Kingsnake, Northern Mole Kingsnake, Spotted Kingsnake
Distribution In the state of Mississippi, there are eastern and southern populations. From here southward to Louisiana, eastward to eastern Tennessee and the “panhandle” of Florida and on the Piedmont northward along the eastern coast.
Habitat Mainly dry coniferous and oak forests, but also on or near agricultural areas.
Details Until 2017, the species L. calligaster consisted of three subspecies: L. c. calligaster, L. c. rhombomaculata and L. c. occipitolineata. Based on DNA research, these three have been “upgraded” to three different species (L. calligaster, L. rhombomaculata and L. occipitolineata).


McKelvy, A.D.; F.T. Burbrink 2016. Ecological divergence in the yellow-bellied kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster) at two North American biodiversity hotspots. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 61-72


Body shape and markings are largely the same as those of L. calligaster. The average length of this species is around 80 cm; sometimes a little longer.

In Northern Mississippi, the habitat of L. calligaster and L. rhombomaculata are adjacent to each other, allowing the possibility of hybridisation between these species.

This snake is mainly located under the ground during the day. They hardly climb. They are especially active at night. Due to the largely underground way of life, few specimen have been found up to now. The food consists, as far as is known, of reptiles (lizards and snakes), birds and rodents.

As far as I know/could find, there is little information about their reproduction in the wild, except that they lay their eggs in an underground concave. In captivity, the copulations take place in the spring and the eggs come out late in the summer. The young are 12 – 18 cm at birth.