Lampropeltis occipitolineata

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Scientific name Lampropeltis occipitolineata
English name South Florida Mole Kingsnake
Distribution Florida. From Brevard County south to Lake Okeechobee and west to Charlotte County and DeSoto County. This species does not occur outside of Florida.
Habitat Mainly wet prairie areas but is also found in the vicinity of farms and such.
Details Until 2017, the species L. calligaster consisted of three subspecies: L. c. calligaster, L. c. rhombomaculata and L. c. occipitolineata. Based on DNA research these three have been upgraded to three different species (L. calligaster, L. rhombomaculata and L. occipitolineata).

McKelvy, A.D.; F.T. Burbrink 2016. Ecological divergence in the yellow-bellied kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster) at two North American biodiversity hotspots. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 61-72


Spots on the back: at least 78.

On the head lies a complex network of dark stripes.

As an adult animal, this species keeps the juvenile colour pattern.

The canthus rostralis (the angle between the flat part of the top of the head and the side of the head between the eye and the nose) is blunt.

The head becomes broader behind the eyes.

A maximum of 21 scale rows on the back.

Average length usually around 80 cm; rarely longer.


This snake is normally living on the ground and stays mainly under the ground during the day. They are especially active at night. Due to the, mostly underground way of life, few specimens have been found up to now.

The food consists, as far as is known, of reptiles (lizards and snakes), birds and rodents. As far as I know, no data on reproduction in the wild is known, but in captivity, the copulations take place in the spring and the eggs are laid late in the summer. The young are 10 – 13 cm at birth.