Lampropeltis gentilis

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Scientific name Lampropeltis gentilis
Dutch name Western Milksnake or Central Plains Milksnake
Habitat Mostly dry, rocky (limestone) areas, like prairie plains, quarries, forest edges and mountain and hill slopes.
Distribution L. gentilis occurs on the Panhandle of northern Texas, in western Oklahoma, central and western Kansas, eastern Colorado and central-southern and southwestern Nebraska.

 

In 2014 the following subspecies are included in the species L. gentilis: L. triangulum amaura (partly), L. t. celaenops, L. t. multistrata, L. t. taylori, L. t. annulata and L. t. syspila


Ruane, Sara; Robert W. Bryson, Jr., R. Alexander Pyron, and Frank T. Burbrink 2014. Coalescent Species Delimitation in Milksnakes (genus Lampropeltis) and Impacts on Phylogenetic Comparative Analyses. Systematic Biology 63 (2): 231-250


As a result, the distribution area obviously has become larger than that mentioned above.

Added to it are:

– eastern Texas, south-eastern Oklahoma, Louisiana (west of the Mississippi River) and southern Arkansas (L. t. amaura, part),

– south-eastern Arizona, New Mexico and the adjacent part of eastern Texas (L. t. celaenops),

– north-western Nebraska, the western half of North Dakota, northern Wyoming and southern Montana (L. t. multistriata),

– Utah, northern Arizona and western Colorado (L. t. taylori),

– in any case Central Texas (L. t. annulata, part) and

– Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma (L. t. syspila, part).

Details The natural food of the Western milksnake consists mainly of small mammals, small lizards and snakes (also venomous) and birds. Also, eggs from reptiles and birds are sometimes eaten, as well as worms and insects.

These snakes are mainly active at night and sometimes in the evening.

From April to June they are engaged in reproduction.

The brumation is held from November to March, depending on the seasonal conditions.

Like all representatives of the king- and milksnakes, they lay eggs. Usually, this is less than 10 per layer; in exceptional cases sometimes more. This depends on the distribution (location) and the size of the female.

Adult specimen reach a length between 39 and 100 cm. At birth, they are between 16 and 29 cm in length.

In the wild, the females get sexually mature in their 3rd or 4th year of life.

In captivity, this depends on the exuberance with which the animals are fed.

The maximum age in the wild is not known, but in captivity, they can reach 20 years old or more.